CBD hemp oil, also called “hemp CBD oil” by some, is an oil extracted from cultivars of hemp that have been selected for very high CBD content and very low THC content (less than 0.3 percent). This oil will not give you a “high” because CBD is non-psychoactive and it contains only negligible amounts of THC, the psychoactive component of marijuana. To get the beneficial CBD into your bloodstream quickly, it is best to place drops under your tongue, hold this as long as you can, and then swallow the oil. However, CBD hemp oil is also effective if you vape it but it will take a bit longer to take effect.
Besides CBD, a high quality full spectrum CBD hemp oil contains more than sixty other beneficial cannabinoids. These include the well studied CBC (cannabichromene), CBDV (cannabidivarin), CBG (cannabigerol), and CBN (cannabinol). Additionally, hemp CBD oil contains more than one-hundred twenty beneficial terpenes. So far, the most touted terpenes include Borneal, Caryophyllene, Cineole/Eucalyptol, Delta 3 Carene, Limonene, Linolool, Myrcene, Pinene, Sabinene, and Terpineol. Cannabinoids and terpenes work in a synergistic manner in the body. This means that each one has more effect when the others are present.
Not All CBD Hemp Oil Is the Same
You have to be careful when selecting your source of CBD hemp oil because some very low quality oils have recently showing up on the market, usually selling a prices that are truly too good to be true! High quality CBD hemp oil is extracted from the buds and or flowers of delicately cultivated medicinal quality (pharmaceutical quality) high CBD hemp cultivars. Low quality CBD hemp oil is usually extracted from the industrial woody hemp cultivars that are grown specifically for their very large stalks and high fiber content. The flowers and buds on these industrial hemp plants are very small and when the low quality oil is extracted from these plants, it is done so by grinding the whole plant. The CBD in these plants is found primary in the small flowers and leaves but it is in much lower quantity. The oil is also of inferior quality and often contains toxins from the soil where these industrial hemp plants are grown!
CBD Hemp Oil Is Not the Same As Hemp Oil
Many grocery stores, especially natural health stores and food co-ops, carry “hemp oil,” also sometimes called, “hemp seed oil.” This oil is extracted from edible hemp seeds and is used for culinary purposes such as making salad dressings or drizzling over hummus. Thus, hemp oil, or hemp seed oil, has similar uses to other seed oils like sesame seed oil, flaxseed oil, black seed oil, and pumpkin seed oil. While nutritious, hemp oil contains very low quantities of CBD and other beneficial cannabinoids. Unfortunately, some unscrupulous advertising does not make this distinction clear, and in fact, intentionally uses the confusion about this to sell less expensive hemp seed oil at more expensive prices.
The Effect Of CBD Hemp Oil On the Human Body
CBD and other cannabinoids do their magic by interacting with special receptors on the cell membranes of brain cells, nerve cells, gland cells, and cells in our internal organs and connective tissue. This all makes up what’s called the endocannabinoid system which is involved with maintaining homeostasis inside the body, i.e. maintaining a stable internal environment. When CBD and other cannabinoids interact with these special cannabinoid receptors, they cause cascading physical changes in the human body.
Many people who take hemp CBD oil report a reduction or elimination in their physical and mental health ailments. These include anxiety, depression, insomnia, eczema, joint pain, pain after trauma like surgery, epilepsy, Tourette’s syndrome, Crohn’s disease, irritable bowel syndrome (IBS), chronic fatigue syndrome, and multiple sclerosis. Many type 2 diabetics have reported that their blood sugar levels drop after taking CBD, even after they have changed nothing in their diet. Cancer patients seeking alternative treatment are sometimes given CBD. In some cases, there is a correlation between taking CBD and tumor size reduction.
Take a Lesson From Broccoli and Cabbage?
You may not realize this but broccoli, all varieties of cabbage, all varieties of kale, cauliflower, brussel sprouts, collard greens, mustard greens, bok choy and several varieties of the colorful plants you see in landscaped spaces around office buildings are all members of the exact same species! This species is scientifically referred to as Brassica oleracea. The varied members of this single species certainly don’t look the same or taste the same. Furthermore, if you had each of them analyzed chemically, you’d discover their nutritional profiles are also completely different. So, what happened? How did one species get turned into completely different variants, i.e. cultivars?
Humans are a resourceful lot! Over thousands of years, different desired parts of the Brassica oleracea plant were selected for until that part became the dominant portion of the cultivar. For broccoli, they selected for the flower head. In kale, they selected for the leaves. The same thing happened with the hemp plant! Through artificial selection, and by carefully selecting for desired traits across multiple generations, the hemp plant was turned into a very diverse collection of cultivars. In fact, people are still continuing to fine tune and develop more cultivars of hemp with even more desirable traits, such as higher concentrations of CBD.
The “Hemp” In “CBD Hemp Oil” Is NOT Marijuana
After reading the last section, you can more easily understand that the cultivation of the hemp plant has been taken in two opposite directions. On the industrial side, hemp fiber is very valuable. Since this fiber is concentrated in the stalk of the plant, those interested in producing hemp fiber for items like clothing, packaging materials, tote bags, and building supplies selected for hemp plants that had bigger thicker stalks. Further, people who produced the cultivars of hemp used for industrial uses, wanted to increase yield so they could make more money. Thus, they selected for cultivars that cold be grown very close together so we ended up with cultivars that grew long stalks with relatively few leaves and flowers. On the other hand, cultivars used to extract high quality CBD hemp oil have a short stalk with little fiber and larger flowers and buds where the CBD is concentrated.